While fewer Americans are dying from heart disease and stroke than a decade ago, these conditions continue to burden society by their prevalence and increased medical costs, according to a new report from the American Heart Association.
At the same time, the number of operations and procedures performed to treat cardiovascular disease increased by 27 percent. The cost of treating heart disease and stroke — including both health care costs and lost productivity — was estimated at $286 billion in 2007, the researchers said. That even exceeds expenditures on cancer, which totaled $228 billion in 2008.
The mortality drop is likely due to improved quality of care for patients, said Dr. Véronique Roger, a professor of medicine and epidemiology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Rochester, Minn., and the report’s lead researcher. People are getting the treatment and operations they need to live longer. But at the same time, cardiologists and health care professionals are either treating more people or performing more procedures per patient, leading to increased costs.
"While this is indeed a success story in the sense that it’s the success of medical care, it represents a huge burden on all of us," Roger said.
And it's a problem that's unlikely to go away anytime soon, Roger told MyHealthNewsDaily. She pointed to the large number of people living with known risk factors for cardiovascular disease. For example:
Roger said the American Heart Association has set two goals it hopes to achieve by 2020: reduce deaths from cardiovascular disease by 20 percent, and improve the cardiovascular health of Americans by 20 percent — based on several factors, including exercise rates, smoking rates and cholesterol levels.
Meeting these goals won't be easy, Roger said, because they require people to make a commitment — health care professionals can only do so much.
"Improving cardiovascular health and wellness is really an agenda that we all own, it's certainly not confined to the health care profession," she said.
"If you come to my office, I can tell you not to smoke and to exercise every day, but…the responsibility lies with the individual, not with the physician," she said.
The report, Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2011, is published online today (Dec. 15) in the journal Circulation.
Pass it on: Heart disease and stroke cause fewer deaths in Americans than they did 10 years ago, but still burden the country financially.
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